References

THE BIOLOGICAL DRIVE

(a) Psychoactive Drugs http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychoactive_drug

(b) http://www.nt.gov.au/health/healthdev/health_promotion/bushbook/volume2/chap1/sect1.htm

(c) Living with drugs By Michael Gossop Ashgate Publishing 2007

(d) (Sullivan and Hagen, 2002) . Sullivan R. J., Hagen E.H.  “Psychotropic substance-seeking: evolutionary pathology or adaptation?”  Addiction  97  (2002): 389-400.

(e) Alcohol and  Neurotransmitter Interactions C. FERNANDO VALENZUELA, M.D., PH.D. http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh21-2/144.pdf

(f) The evolutionary origins and significance of drug addiction Tammy Saah 2005http://www.harmreductionjournal.com/content/2/1/8

(g) Meredith F. Small Drug Addiction, Blame it on Evolution http://www.cosmosmagazine.com/features/print/3456/state-mind?page=0%2C1

(h) Robert Dudley, Ethanol, Fruit Ripening, and the Historical Origins of Human Alcoholism in Primate Frugivory1

http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa4054/is_200408/ai_n9415582/?tag=content;col1

(i)Depressants: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depressant

(j) Australian Drug Foundation http://www.druginfo.adf.org.au/

(k) Cocaine http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cocaine

(l) http://www.bloodalcohol.info/how-alcohol-affects-the-brain.php

(m) Biological Impacts Of Alcohol Use: An Overview   Michaele P. Dunlap, Psy.D,

http://www.oregoncounseling.org/ArticlesPapers/Documents/ETOHBIOFx.htm

(n) Researchers stumped by drug addiction paradox: Lisa Zyga 2008 http://www.physorg.com/news127559887.html

(o) Forbidden fruit: understanding alcoholism in the context of evolution: Robert Dudley http://www.utexas.edu/news/2000/03/01/nr_fruit/

(p) The ADH1B Arg47His polymorphism in East Asian populations and expansion of rice domestication in history  http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2148/10/15/abstract

(q) Forces of Habit D Courtwright 2001 Harvard University Press

(r) High Society Mike Jay 2010 Park Street Press

(s) A Brief History of Drugs: Antonio Escohotado 1996 Park Street Press

(t) Vin Mariani http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vin_Mariani

(u) Cocaine http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cocaine#Cocaine_as_a_local_anesthetic

(v) The Importance of Alcohol In Medicine http://www.healthy.net/Health/Article/The_Importance_of_Alcohol_in_Medicine/772

(w) One Hundred Years of Alcoholism in the Twentieth Century  http://alcalc.oxfordjournals.org/content/35/1/10.full

(X) http://www.unodc.org/documents/wdr/WDR_2010/1.3_The_globa_cocaine_market.pdf

(y) United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime;  International Narcotics control stategy Report March 2010 http://www.unodc.org/documents/wdr/WDR_2010/1.3_The_globa_cocaine_market.pdf

(z) Andrew Weil, The Natural Mind http://www.psychedelic-library.org/weil1.htm

(za) The Third Chimpanzee Jarred Diamnond Harper Collins 1992

(zb) The origins of agriculture: a biological perspective and a new hypothesis: Greg Wadley and Angus Martin  http://ranprieur.com/readings/origins.html

(zc) Andean Cocaine Paul Gootenberg 2008 University of North Carolina Press

(zd) Cocaine: Some historical perspectives http://wiredintorecovery.org/files/pdfs/articles/CocaineHistory_v1.0_Final_DC_151008_.pdf

(ze) http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Sigmund_Freud

(zf) Cocaine: from medical marvel to modern menace in the United States, 1884-1920 By Joseph F. Spillane

(Zg) Consuming Habits:  Global and Historical Perspectives on How Cultures Define Drugs, Jordan Goodman et al, Routledge 1995

(zh) The Temperance Movement http://law.jrank.org/pages/10714/Temperance-Movement.html

(zi) The New Georgia Encyclopedia Temperance Movement http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-828

(zj) War On Drugs http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_on_Drugs

(zk) International Drug Policy Consortium http://www.idpc.net/policy-advocacy/global-advocacy/global-drug-control-syste

(zl) Living With Drugs Michael Gossop 2007 Ashgate Publishing

(zm) Transform Drugs http://transform-drugs.blogspot.com/2009/06/report-they-didnt-want-you-to-see.html

(zn) The politics of organized crime and the organized crime of politics: a study … By Alfredo Schulte-Bockhol

(zo) Coca: An Andean Cultural Tradition http://www.erowid.org/plants/coca/coca_info1.shtml

(zp)  http://www.narconon.org/drug-information/cocaine-timeline.html

(zq) The Economics of Cocaine Capitalism

http://www.cosmosclub.org/web/journals/1996/lee.html CARIBBEAN DRUG TRAFFICKING AND THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE

(zr) http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jun/23/bolivia-drugs-convention-coca-leaves

(zs) The American Experience with Stimulants https://www.ncjrs.gov/ondcppubs/publications/drugfact/methconf/plenary1.html

(zt) International Drug Policy Consortium http://www.idpc.net/policy-advocacy/global-advocacy/global-drug-control-system

(zu) European Parliament: Proposal for a Recomendation  http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do;jsessionid=BF98437319F38F6BCCE8E44305AA378E.node2?objRefId=74343&language=EN

ALCOHOL- PRESENT DAY

101 (Economic Research Service of the United States Dept of Agriculture).

102 (http://www.financialexpress.com/news/indias-alcohol-production-increasing/304470/)

103 (http://www.health.gov.au/internet/drugstrategy/publishing.nsf/Content/mono66/$File/mono66.pdf)

104  Wentz 2007, “Who spends the most worldwide? As usual, it’s Procter & Gamble.” Advertising Age 78(46): November 19

105 (http://www.drugslibrary.stir.ac.uk/documents/alcoholindustry.pdf)

106 (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/8181289.stm)

107  YOUTH CULTURE AND “RITE OF LIFE PROJECTS”. Paper presented at the 9th Nordic Youth Research Information Symposium, Landscapes of Youth. 12 – 14, January 2006.  Stockholm. Allan Sande, Associate Professor in Sociology.

108 (http://www.indiana.edu/~engs/articles/ar1096.htm)

109 Jan Copeland, of the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, 2007 (http://www.smh.com.au/news/national/concern-at-rise-of-alcopops/2007/06/25/1182623820488.html)

110 (http://www.capewineacademy.co.za/dissertations/CWM_A_Salamon.pdf)

111 (http://www.madd.org/media-center/media-library/Emerging-Technology-Fact-Sheet.pdf)

112 SOURCE Alcohol Monitoring Systems, Inc. (http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/calif-study-shows-247-alcohol-bracelets-curb-future-duis-132617668.html)

ALCOHOL- SOCIAL

200 The origins of agriculture: a biological perspective and a new hypothesis. by Greg Wadley and Angus Martin

Published in Australian Biologist 6: 96-105, June 1993

201: History of Alcohol and Drinking around the World by David J. Hanson, Ph.D.http://www2.potsdam.edu/hansondj/Controversies/1114796842.html

202. Dining in a Classical Context. Slater, W.J. 1991. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press

203 Ruth C. Engs, Cycles of Social Reform: Is the Current Anti-Alcohol Movement Cresting? Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 58(2):223-224, 1997

204 Coffee, consumer choice, and the consequences of Columbus. Jonathan Hersh/ Hans-Joachim Voth. 3 September 2009

205. http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Frederick_II_of_Prussia

206 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prohibition_in_the_United_States

207 Cycles of Social Reform: Is the Current Anti-Alcohol Movement Cresting?

Ruth C. Engs, Professor, Indiana University, Poplars 615, Bloomington,

IN 47405 (http://www.indiana.edu/~engs/articles/kb.html)

ALCOHOL- TECHNICAL

300 (http://www.beekmanwine.com/prevtopx.htm)

301 http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GERMANNA_COLONIES/1998-06/0897134840

302 http://www.columbinechurchofchrist.org/meditating.php?id=436

ALCOHOL- ECONOMIC

400 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tax)

401 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Octroi)

402 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gin)

403 ‪Paying the tab: the economics of alcohol policy By Philip J. Cook. Pge 15

404 The Politics of Alcohol: a History of the Drink Question in England. James Nicholls Manchester University Press, 2009

405 Cabinet Office, Alcohol Harm Reduction Strategy for England (London, 2004)

406 (http://ec.europa.eu/health.eu/doc/alcoholineu_chap3_en.pdf)

407 The economics of alcohol abuse and alcohol-control policies. Cook PJ, Moore MJ. Source: Terry Sanford Institute of Public Policy, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

408 No Booze? You May Lose: Why Drinkers Earn More Money Than Nondrinkers, By Bethany Peters and Edward Stringham

409 Why Do Low-Income People Smoke More and Drink More Soda, but Drink Less Alcohol? Stanton Peele June 29, 2010)