(a) Psychoactive Drugs


(c) Living with drugs By Michael Gossop Ashgate Publishing 2007

(d) (Sullivan and Hagen, 2002) . Sullivan R. J., Hagen E.H.  “Psychotropic substance-seeking: evolutionary pathology or adaptation?”  Addiction  97  (2002): 389-400.

(e) Alcohol and  Neurotransmitter Interactions C. FERNANDO VALENZUELA, M.D., PH.D.

(f) The evolutionary origins and significance of drug addiction Tammy Saah 2005

(g) Meredith F. Small Drug Addiction, Blame it on Evolution

(h) Robert Dudley, Ethanol, Fruit Ripening, and the Historical Origins of Human Alcoholism in Primate Frugivory1;col1


(j) Australian Drug Foundation

(k) Cocaine


(m) Biological Impacts Of Alcohol Use: An Overview   Michaele P. Dunlap, Psy.D,

(n) Researchers stumped by drug addiction paradox: Lisa Zyga 2008

(o) Forbidden fruit: understanding alcoholism in the context of evolution: Robert Dudley

(p) The ADH1B Arg47His polymorphism in East Asian populations and expansion of rice domestication in history

(q) Forces of Habit D Courtwright 2001 Harvard University Press

(r) High Society Mike Jay 2010 Park Street Press

(s) A Brief History of Drugs: Antonio Escohotado 1996 Park Street Press

(t) Vin Mariani

(u) Cocaine

(v) The Importance of Alcohol In Medicine

(w) One Hundred Years of Alcoholism in the Twentieth Century


(y) United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime;  International Narcotics control stategy Report March 2010

(z) Andrew Weil, The Natural Mind

(za) The Third Chimpanzee Jarred Diamnond Harper Collins 1992

(zb) The origins of agriculture: a biological perspective and a new hypothesis: Greg Wadley and Angus Martin

(zc) Andean Cocaine Paul Gootenberg 2008 University of North Carolina Press

(zd) Cocaine: Some historical perspectives


(zf) Cocaine: from medical marvel to modern menace in the United States, 1884-1920 By Joseph F. Spillane

(Zg) Consuming Habits:  Global and Historical Perspectives on How Cultures Define Drugs, Jordan Goodman et al, Routledge 1995

(zh) The Temperance Movement

(zi) The New Georgia Encyclopedia Temperance Movement

(zj) War On Drugs

(zk) International Drug Policy Consortium

(zl) Living With Drugs Michael Gossop 2007 Ashgate Publishing

(zm) Transform Drugs

(zn) The politics of organized crime and the organized crime of politics: a study … By Alfredo Schulte-Bockhol

(zo) Coca: An Andean Cultural Tradition




(zs) The American Experience with Stimulants

(zt) International Drug Policy Consortium

(zu) European Parliament: Proposal for a Recomendation;jsessionid=BF98437319F38F6BCCE8E44305AA378E.node2?objRefId=74343&language=EN


101 (Economic Research Service of the United States Dept of Agriculture).

102 (

103 ($File/mono66.pdf)

104  Wentz 2007, “Who spends the most worldwide? As usual, it’s Procter & Gamble.” Advertising Age 78(46): November 19

105 (

106 (

107  YOUTH CULTURE AND “RITE OF LIFE PROJECTS”. Paper presented at the 9th Nordic Youth Research Information Symposium, Landscapes of Youth. 12 – 14, January 2006.  Stockholm. Allan Sande, Associate Professor in Sociology.

108 (

109 Jan Copeland, of the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, 2007 (

110 (

111 (

112 SOURCE Alcohol Monitoring Systems, Inc. (


200 The origins of agriculture: a biological perspective and a new hypothesis. by Greg Wadley and Angus Martin

Published in Australian Biologist 6: 96-105, June 1993

201: History of Alcohol and Drinking around the World by David J. Hanson, Ph.D.

202. Dining in a Classical Context. Slater, W.J. 1991. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press

203 Ruth C. Engs, Cycles of Social Reform: Is the Current Anti-Alcohol Movement Cresting? Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 58(2):223-224, 1997

204 Coffee, consumer choice, and the consequences of Columbus. Jonathan Hersh/ Hans-Joachim Voth. 3 September 2009



207 Cycles of Social Reform: Is the Current Anti-Alcohol Movement Cresting?

Ruth C. Engs, Professor, Indiana University, Poplars 615, Bloomington,

IN 47405 (


300 (




400 (

401 (

402 (

403 ‪Paying the tab: the economics of alcohol policy By Philip J. Cook. Pge 15

404 The Politics of Alcohol: a History of the Drink Question in England. James Nicholls Manchester University Press, 2009

405 Cabinet Office, Alcohol Harm Reduction Strategy for England (London, 2004)

406 (

407 The economics of alcohol abuse and alcohol-control policies. Cook PJ, Moore MJ. Source: Terry Sanford Institute of Public Policy, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

408 No Booze? You May Lose: Why Drinkers Earn More Money Than Nondrinkers, By Bethany Peters and Edward Stringham

409 Why Do Low-Income People Smoke More and Drink More Soda, but Drink Less Alcohol? Stanton Peele June 29, 2010)